On Demand Workers and Port Workers in Brazil – Labor Rights Beyond the Employment Relationship

Rodrigo CARELLI, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Bianca CARELLI, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The paper intends to investigate the new forms of work organization, from the case of Uber as a model of work by demand, that expands by other companies whose applications offer the services to users. There is a need to seek legal protection for the workers employed in these businesses, as well as the debate about the existence or not of the employment relationship, according to the interpretation of the gray zones of employment (Azäis, 2004). With the purpose of analyzing the need to guarantee legal protection to workers, it is intended to address the origins of Labor Law, the process of choosing its object and the parallel development of another form of work as the category of “single port workers” to which demonstrates strength from its social movements of claim and demonstrates the need to obtain the same protection that that typical form of work, culminating with the constitutional isonomy conquered in Brazil in 1988. Thus, it is intended to investigate the similarities and dissimilarities of the two forms of work organization cited and to verify the possibility of overcoming the debate about the existence of the employment relationship between the workers and the companies that intermediation of the provision of services with the use of technological tools such as applications, while at the same time guaranteeing legal protection by Labor Law, reflecting the expansionist tendency of the Labor Law frontiers (Davidov, 2017).

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